In session four we focused on various aspects including the history of intellectual property, copyright, and so on. In fact, what caught my attention is the copyright in the digital environment.
As we know, Internet use has led to the occurrence of multiple legal problems, including with regard to how the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works available in the digital environment. The copyright owners are facing in the digital environment interlocking large number of difficulties and issues and problems because of publishing in this digital environment or the availability of their works on them.And that is because in the presence of the majority of the ease with which we can clone material published electronically on the Internet and the lack of financial costs that require it.
It is worth mentioning copyright agreement confirmed in Article 8 to protect digital works published over the internet, which stipulates that: “The authors of literary and artistic works shall enjoy the exclusive right of authorizing the transfer of their works to the public in any wired or wireless way, including the availability of their works to the public so that anyone in the capacity of the public access to these works from a place and at a time chosen by any member of the public … themself. ”
Difficulties that may face the copyright owner
There are a number of fears that make copyright holders to request more legal protection when his work is published on the Internet, including:
- Difficulties for the author to a fee from the exploitation of Internet users to this workbook without a license from the author or his permission.
- Difficult to stop or prevent the publication or limit its spread.
- Many different jurisdictions and legal conflicts over the rights of authors in the digital environment.
- Difficult to trace the aggressors on the copyright owner the right where he finds himself either the prosecution and the follow-up and a person who many are present in several countries in addition to the large material cost to prosecute the persons aggressors in several countries, and this requires a great effort.
The protection of copyright material and moral rights is one of the most important conditions for the continuation of production and creativity, where the presence of this production, and continue one of the prerequisites for the development of social, economic and cultural life of any country or community, and particularly the Arab countries and developing, which means that public awareness of the importance of protecting the rights of authors , a necessary condition for continued innovation and creation process in all its forms.